Klamath Tribes Language Project
waq dal ?i gee ?ewksiknii ?elGank
How do you say that in Klamath?
Vocabulary

The section which follows presents some of the basic words utilized by elders in the Klamath and Modoc Tribes. You are encouraged to continue practicing accurate pronounciation as you memorize this beginning vocabulary. This list is merely an introduction to the larger vocabulary used by the Klamath-Modoc elders, much of which was compiled by M. A. R. Barker in his Klamath Dictionary.

Audio coming soon!

People
sn'eweets = woman, wife 
sn'eweeck'a = little woman, girl
weew'ans = women 
weleeqs = old woman
hiswaqs = man, male, husband 
hiswaqk'a = boy
hihaswaqs = men 
moc'aak = old man
gmocatk = old person 
cik'aa =
c'aaGi = little boy 
c'aaqy'aak =
c'ilwas = unmarried bachelor 
tsim'angatk = youth, teenager
n'isq'aak = little girl (7-11) 
siw?aak = girl (12-18)
t'at'aksni = children 
m'ok'aak = baby
ptisap = father 
pk'isap = mother
wnak = son 
beep = daughter
s?aaMaks = relative
Body Parts
ec'as = breast, milk 
baawac = tongue
balla = liver 
bosakl'as = hip, thigh
c'elks = skin 
c'ey = buttocks
c'ooks = leg 
datGlamni = middle finger
del?is = face 
dot = tooth
Geec'o = chin 
jeGle = blood
k'ek'eec = vein 
laalas = rib
lak'ii = forehead 
laq = hair
lel'amy'eeqs = kidney 
lolp = eye
Lap'akLas = shoulder 
mom'oowac = ear
niis = neck 
nkas = stomach
n'awqs = throat 
n'ep = hand
n'os = head 
pat'oo = cheek
pec = foot 
psis = nose
qeemat = back 
q'ay'e = intestines
q'ol'anc = knee 
sdaynas = heart
sdeqs = fingernail 
sootGnoots = windpipe
sm'ooq = beard, moustache 
solt'aqk'is = elbow
som = mouth 
stakl'inc = heel
tq'op'oo = thumb 
t'osooqs = lung
waw'aaks = eye mucus 
weq = arm
wew'aqt'as = braids 
wso = chest
w'aw'aaqs = ear 
YoqYaqs = armpit
Clothes = solootis
c'oyees = hat 
gabo = coat
coLiis = shirt 
q'aylaalaps = pants
Goqs = dress 
sdiksooy = shoes
sdeegins = socks 
montant solootis = underpants
Animals
baacools = muledeer 
ceelis = porcupine
cew = antelope 
c'aasis = skunk
c'asgaay = weasel 
c'iLas = chipmunk
c'wak'na = cottontail rabbit 
daaslaats = cougar
giw?as = pine squirrel 
goso = pig
Gewcis = wolf 
heyhey = silver fox
kay = rabbit 
kols = badger
k'oly'aa (w'as) = coyote 
lilhanks = deer
loq = grizzly 
monaa dadamnis = gopher
moosmos = cow 
moq'ooga = mouse
mosmas = black-tailed deer 
moy = woodchuck
peep = pine marten 
p'oosis = cat
pom = beaver 
qenqan = grey squirrel
qliip'a = mink 
qoc'aa = woodrat
w'an = red fox 
wac = horse
wac'aak = dog 
wacgin'a = raccoon
wasla = squirrel 
wil'e = fawn
wit'eem = black bear 
won = elk
yohoo = buffalo
Birds = c'ik'as
?ool's = dove 
blaywaas = golden eagle
cways = turkey buzzard 
c'asGiips = nighthawk
c'ews = yellowhammer 
c'ic'iiLoLoo?as = wren
c'ikdo = marsh hawk 
c'ikt'iit'i?aak = tule wren
c'oqs = blackbird 
c'wiididiks = killdeer
jaqnos = fish duck 
dapial = loon
dokdokw'as = osprey, fish hawk 
Gaaq = crow
Golaa = canvasback duck 
Gos = swan
kol?a = seagull 
komal = pelican
l'akl'ak = China brant 
mok'as = horned owl
newl'inc = flicker 
p'is?as = hummingbird
q'ahq'aah?as = great blue heron 
q'eec = tern
q'iliijiks = diver duck 
q'lidiis = sandhill crane
s?ooqs = blue crane 
sdasdool?aks = California quail
sk'aWk'os = red headed woodpecker 
sqol'e = meadowlark
sqol'oos = turkey 
sw'iiqs = chick, duckling
t'it'aq = swallow 
t'ohoos = mudhen
t'waq'as = green heron 
tmo = grouse
tsGeewtsGeews = bluejay 
Weeqs = mallard duck
wisGaq = robin 
yawq'al = bald eagle
Fish = kyem
?oc'aaks = fish the Modoc catch 
c'iyaal's = salmon
c'waam = mullet (Chasmistes luxatus) 
yeen = mullet (Catostomus labiatus)
hist'yis = mullet 
q'apdo = mullet (Chasmistes brevirostris)
Gawi = eels 
k'occ'a = bullhead, gudgeon
meYas = trout 
nGaas = rainbow trout
nooqs?am = dried fish (cooked) 
qamals = dried fish (in sun)
q'odaks = chub 
?alhaq = whale
Other Denizens of the Water
Gleec'o = clam 
Goy'a = crawfish
kow'e = frog 
sdaqbonks = leech
weGet'as = a small green frog
Reptiles
l'ooks = a kind of brown lizard 
ngak = turtle
qii?a = lizard 
q?is = rattlesnake
wamnaks = bull-snake 
wisink = snake
Bugs
c'iNeeks = mosquito 
dlol = cricket
jigacigas = potato bug 
joyoobiks = water skater
k'ot'as = lice 
k'oYas = bed bug
manq = housefly 
qoqdinks = dragonfly
q'aljijiks = spider 
q'iMaac = ant
sk'ins = yellow jacket 
t'aht'aah?as = grasshopper
Plants
?iwam = huckleberry
baa = bull pine
boc'o = wild celery leaves 
qoqoodam = wild celery root
boqs = camas root 
cak = serviceberry
cwa = wild potato 
c'moLaq = bearberries
dmolo = wild plum 
dwicq'as = chokecherries
gees = ipos 
Goos = ponderosa pine
jaGlo = sagebrush 
joyjiks = strawberries
kson = grass, hay 
lmenc?am = elephant ear fungus
lal'il'ilaqs?am = elderberries 
LoLooyLoys?am = gooseberries
may = tule 
popas = cattail
qdeeLo'am = sugar pine tree 
qlisam = oak tree
q'eelo = juniper 
bolWi = white sage brush
q'laac = swampberries 
totanks?am = blackberries
waako = lodgepole pine 
wibal = alder
wial = aspen 
wokas = pond lily
wolwans = cedar 
yaas = willow
The Larger Creation
Geela = earth 
Galoo = sky
?ambo = water
GoGe = river
y'ayn'a = mountain 
s?aba = sun, moon
wGawGos = moon 
qcool = star
taktakl'i qcool = Mars (red star) 
pse gegnis = Venus
Glaws = sand 
c'oms?am skodas = blanket snow
Gelbaks = hot 
Gelpk'a = it's hot
moo ?an Gattk'a = I am very cold 
q'a ?a Gatdaks gee = it's very cold
moo qdooca = it's raining a lot 
qdooca = it's raining
kena gee = it's snowing 
keys = snow
The Directions
lobiitdal' = east, toward the east yaamat = north
tGalam = west moowat = south
Some Place Names
?iWLaLLoon?a = Klamath Falls 
mbosaksawaas = Chiloquin (means flint place)
niiLaks = Barclay Springs (means sunrise) 
GawamGeeni = Deep spring place
?ews = Klamath Lake (also means lake) 
giiwas = Crater Lake
hisc'akwalee?as = Mount Thielsen
Seasons
sqo = spring 
s?aLam = fall
padaa = summer 
loldam = winter  
Time
waytas = day 
gen waytas = today
?onaa = yesterday
mboosant = tomorrow
pse = daytime 
psekst gi = it's noon
dinneega = the sun sets 
psin = night
?iLool'a = it's a year 
wayta ?an qtana = I slept all day
?onaak ?an batgal = I got up early 
?on'cee noo genwapk = I'll go later
doos dal ?at = What time is it? 
?at ?a gee psekst gi = it's noon  
Colors
balbal?i = white 
beqbeql'i = gray
boqboql'i = tan 
bosbosl'i = black
joyjoyl'i = orange, pink etc. 
kaWkaWl'i = brown
m'ecm'ecl'i = blue 
taktakl'i = red
woyGanks = green, grass  
Numbers
Naas = one 
Nacksept = six
laap = two 
lapksept = seven
ndan = three 
ndanksept =eight
woniip = four 
Nacq'eeks = nine
ton'ip = five 
tewn'ip = ten  
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